2.20 IR Receiver Module


In this lesson, you will learn to use IR Receiver Module. IR Receiver is a component with photocell that is tuned to receive to infrared light. It is almost always used for remote control detection - every TV and DVD player has one of these in the front to receive for the IR signal from the clicker. Inside the remote control is a matching IR LED, which emits IR pulses to tell the TV to turn on, off or change channels.

Components Required


Schematic Diagram


Fritzing Circuit

In this example, we wire up the left pin (-) of IR Receiver Module to GND, the middle pin to 5V, and the right pin (S) to pin 11.




  • You can open the file 2.20_irReceiver.ino under the path of sunfounder_vincent_kit_for_arduino\code\2.20_irReceiver directly.

  • The IRremote library is used here, you can install it from the Library Manager.


After uploading the codes to the Mega2560 board, you can see that the current value of the pressed button of IR Remote Controller displays on the serial monitor.

Code Analysis

This code is designed to work with an infrared (IR) remote control using the IRremote library. Here’s the breakdown:

  1. Include Libraries: This includes the IRremote library, which provides functions to work with IR remote controls.

    #include <IRremote.h>
  2. Defines the Arduino pin to which the IR sensor’s signal pin is connected and declares a variable to store the last decoded IR value.

    const int IR_RECEIVE_PIN = 11;  // Define the pin number for the IR Sensor
    String lastDecodedValue = "";  // Variable to store the last decoded value
  3. Initializes serial communication at a baud rate of 9600. Initializes the IR receiver on the specified pin (IR_RECEIVE_PIN) and enables LED feedback (if applicable).

    void setup() {
        Serial.begin(9600);                                     // Start serial communication at 9600 baud rate
        IrReceiver.begin(IR_RECEIVE_PIN, ENABLE_LED_FEEDBACK);  // Start the IR receiver
  4. The loop runs continuously to process incoming IR remote signals.

    void loop() {
        if (IrReceiver.decode()) {
            String decodedValue = decodeKeyValue(IrReceiver.decodedIRData.command);
            if (decodedValue != "ERROR" && decodedValue != lastDecodedValue) {
                lastDecodedValue = decodedValue;  // Update the last decoded value
            IrReceiver.resume();  // Enable receiving of the next value
    • Checks if an IR signal is received and successfully decoded.

    • Decodes the IR command and stores it in decodedValue using a custom decodeKeyValue() function.

    • Checks if the decoded value is not an error and is different from the last decoded value.

    • Prints the decoded IR value to the serial monitor.

    • Updates the lastDecodedValue with the new decoded value.

    • Resumes IR signal reception for the next signal.

Phenomenon Picture