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3.3 WS2812 RGB Strip

WS2812 is a intelligent control LED light source that the control circuit and RGB chip are integrated in a package of 5050 components. It internal include intelligent digital port data latch and signal reshaping amplification drive circuit. Also include a precision internal oscillator and a programmable constant current control part, effectively ensuring the pixel point light color height consistent.

The data transfer protocol use single NZR communication mode. After the pixel power-on reset, the DIN port receive data from controller, the first pixel collect initial 24bit data then sent to the internal data latch, the other data which reshaping by the internal signal reshaping amplification circuit sent to the next cascade pixel through the DO port. After transmission for each pixel, the signal to reduce 24bit. pixel adopt auto reshaping transmit technology, making the pixel cascade number is not limited the signal transmission, only depend on the speed of signal transmission.

Required Components

In this project, we need the following components.

It’s definitely convenient to buy a whole kit, here’s the link:

Name

ITEMS IN THIS KIT

PURCHASE LINK

Kepler Kit

450+

Kepler Kit

You can also buy them separately from the links below.

SN

COMPONENT INTRODUCTION

QUANTITY

PURCHASE LINK

1

Raspberry Pi Pico W

1

BUY

2

Micro USB Cable

1

3

Breadboard

1

BUY

4

Jumper Wires

Several

BUY

5

WS2812 RGB 8 LEDs Strip

1

BUY

Schematic

sch_ws2812

Wiring

wiring_ws2812

Warning

One thing you need to pay attention to is current.

Although the LED Strip with any number of LEDs can be used in Pico W, the power of its VBUS pin is limited. Here, we will use eight LEDs, which are safe. But if you want to use more LEDs, you need to add a separate power supply.

Code

Note

  • You can open the file 3.3_rgb_led_strip.ino under the path of kepler-kit-main/arduino/3.3_rgb_led_strip.

  • Or copy this code into Arduino IDE.

  • Don’t forget to select the board(Raspberry Pi Pico) and the correct port before clicking the Upload button.

  • The library Adafruit_NeoPixel is used here. Please refer to Add libraries for adding it to the Arduino IDE.

Let’s select some favorite colors and display them on the RGB LED Strip!

How it works?

Declare a Adafruit_NeoPixel type object, it is connected to PIXEL_PIN, there are PIXEL_COUNT RGB LEDs on the strip.

#define PIXEL_PIN    0
#define PIXEL_COUNT 8

// Declare our NeoPixel strip object:
Adafruit_NeoPixel strip(PIXEL_COUNT, PIXEL_PIN, NEO_GRB + NEO_KHZ800);
// Argument 1 = Number of pixels in NeoPixel strip
// Argument 2 = Arduino pin number (most are valid)
// Argument 3 = Pixel type flags, add together as needed:
//   NEO_KHZ800  800 KHz bitstream (most NeoPixel products w/WS2812 LEDs)
//   NEO_KHZ400  400 KHz (classic 'v1' (not v2) FLORA pixels, WS2811 drivers)
//   NEO_GRB     Pixels are wired for GRB bitstream (most NeoPixel products)
//   NEO_RGB     Pixels are wired for RGB bitstream (v1 FLORA pixels, not v2)
//   NEO_RGBW    Pixels are wired for RGBW bitstream (NeoPixel RGBW products)

Initialize strip object and initialize all pixels to ‘off’.

Function
  • strip.begin() : Initialize NeoPixel strip object (REQUIRED).

  • strip.setPixelColor(index, color) : Set pixel’s color (in RAM), the color must be a single ‘packed’ 32-bit value.

  • strip.Color(red, green, blue) : Color as a single ‘packed’ 32-bit value.

  • strip.show() : Update strip with new contents.

Learn More

We can randomly generate colors and make a colorful flowing light.

Note

  • You can open the file 3.3_rgb_led_strip_flowing.ino under the path of kepler-kit-main/arduino/3.3_rgb_led_strip_flowing.

  • Or copy this code into Arduino IDE.

  • Don’t forget to select the board(Raspberry Pi Pico) and the correct port before clicking the Upload button.

Or have this WS2812 LED Strip rainbow cycle around the color wheel (range 65535).

Note

  • You can open the file 3.3_rgb_led_strip_rainbow.ino under the path of kepler-kit-main/arduino/3.3_rgb_led_strip_rainbow.

  • Or copy this code into Arduino IDE.

  • Don’t forget to select the board(Raspberry Pi Pico) and the correct port before clicking the Upload button.

  • strip.getPixelColor(index) : Query the color of a previously-set pixel.

  • strip.ColorHSV(pixelHue) : Convert hue, saturation and value into a packed 32-bit RGB color that can be passed to setPixelColor() or other RGB-compatible functions.

  • strip.gamma32() : Provides a “truer” color before assigning to each pixel.