3.1.4 Smart Fan

Introduction

In this course, we will use motors, buttons and thermistors to make a manual + automatic smart fan whose wind speed is adjustable.

Components

_images/list_Smart_Fan.png

Schematic Diagram

T-Board Name

physical

wiringPi

BCM

GPIO17

Pin 11

0

17

GPIO18

Pin 12

1

18

GPIO27

Pin 13

2

27

GPIO22

Pin 15

3

22

GPIO5

Pin 29

21

5

GPIO6

Pin 31

22

6

GPIO13

Pin 33

23

13

_images/Schematic_three_one4.png

Experimental Procedures

Step 1: Build the circuit.

Smart Fan_bb

Note

The power module can apply a 9V battery with the 9V Battery Buckle in the kit. Insert the jumper cap of the power module into the 5V bus strips of the breadboard.

\_MG_2084

For C Language Users

Step 2: Get into the folder of the code.

cd /home/pi/davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/c/3.1.4/

Step 3: Compile.

gcc 3.1.4_SmartFan.c -lwiringPi -lm

Step 4: Run the executable file above.

sudo ./a.out

As the code runs, start the fan by pressing the button. Every time you press, 1 speed grade is adjusted up or down. There are 5 kinds of speed grades: 0~4. When set to the 4th speed grade and you press the button, the fan stops working with a 0 wind speed.

Note

If it does not work after running, or there is an error prompt: “wiringPi.h: No such file or directory”, please refer to C code is not working?.

Once the temperature goes up or down for more than 2℃, the speed automatically gets 1-grade faster or slower.

Code Explanation

int temperture(){
    unsigned char analogVal;
    double Vr, Rt, temp, cel, Fah;
    analogVal = get_ADC_Result(0);
    Vr = 5 * (double)(analogVal) / 255;
    Rt = 10000 * (double)(Vr) / (5 - (double)(Vr));
    temp = 1 / (((log(Rt/10000)) / 3950)+(1 / (273.15 + 25)));
    cel = temp - 273.15;
    Fah = cel * 1.8 +32;
    int t=cel;
    return t;
}

Temperture() works by converting thermistor values read by ADC0834 into temperature values. Refer to 2.2.2 Thermistor for more details.

int motor(int level){
    if(level==0){
        digitalWrite(MotorEnable,LOW);
        return 0;
    }
    if (level>=4){
        level =4;
    }
    digitalWrite(MotorEnable,HIGH);
    softPwmWrite(MotorPin1, level*25);
    return level;
}

This function controls the rotating speed of the motor. The range of the Level: 0-4 (level 0 stops the working motor). One level adjustment stands for a 25% change of the wind speed.

int main(void)
{
    setup();
    int currentState,lastState=0;
    int level = 0;
    int currentTemp,markTemp=0;
    while(1){
        currentState=digitalRead(BtnPin);
        currentTemp=temperture();
        if (currentTemp<=0){continue;}
        if (currentState==1&&lastState==0){
            level=(level+1)%5;
            markTemp=currentTemp;
            delay(500);
        }
        lastState=currentState;
        if (level!=0){
            if (currentTemp-markTemp<=-2){
                level=level-1;
                markTemp=currentTemp;
            }
            if (currentTemp-markTemp>=2){
                level=level+1;
                markTemp=currentTemp;
            }
        }
        level=motor(level);
    }
    return 0;
}

The function main() contains the whole program process as shown:

  1. Constantly read the button state and the current temperature.

  2. Every press makes level+1 and at the same time, the temperature is updated. The Level ranges 1~4.

  3. As the fan works ( the level is not 0), the temperature is under detection. A 2℃+ change causes the up and down of the level.

  4. The motor changes the rotating speed with the Level.

For Python Language Users

Step 2: Get into the folder of the code.

cd /home/pi/davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/python

Step 3: Run.

sudo python3 3.1.4_SmartFan.py

As the code runs, start the fan by pressing the button. Every time you press, 1 speed grade is adjusted up or down. There are 5 kinds of speed grades: 0~4. When set to the 4th speed grade and you press the button, the fan stops working with a 0 wind speed.

Once the temperature goes up or down for more than 2℃, the speed automatically gets 1-grade faster or slower.

Code

Note

You can Modify/Reset/Copy/Run/Stop the code below. But before that, you need to go to source code path like davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/python.

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time
import ADC0834
import math

# Set up pins
MotorPin1   = 5
MotorPin2   = 6
MotorEnable = 13
BtnPin  = 22


def setup():
    global p_M1,p_M2
    ADC0834.setup()
    GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
    GPIO.setup(MotorPin1, GPIO.OUT)
    GPIO.setup(MotorPin2, GPIO.OUT)
    p_M1=GPIO.PWM(MotorPin1,2000)
    p_M2=GPIO.PWM(MotorPin2,2000)
    p_M1.start(0)
    p_M2.start(0)
    GPIO.setup(MotorEnable, GPIO.OUT, initial=GPIO.LOW)
    GPIO.setup(BtnPin, GPIO.IN)

def temperature():
    analogVal = ADC0834.getResult()
    Vr = 5 * float(analogVal) / 255
    Rt = 10000 * Vr / (5 - Vr)
    temp = 1/(((math.log(Rt / 10000)) / 3950) + (1 / (273.15+25)))
    Cel = temp - 273.15
    Fah = Cel * 1.8 + 32
    return Cel

def motor(level):
    if level == 0:
        GPIO.output(MotorEnable, GPIO.LOW)
        return 0
    if level>=4:
        level = 4
    GPIO.output(MotorEnable, GPIO.HIGH)
    p_M1.ChangeDutyCycle(level*25)
    return level


def main():
    lastState=0
    level=0
    markTemp = temperature()
    while True:
        currentState =GPIO.input(BtnPin)
        currentTemp=temperature()
        if currentState == 1 and lastState == 0:
            level=(level+1)%5
            markTemp = currentTemp
            time.sleep(0.5)
        lastState=currentState
        if level!=0:
            if currentTemp-markTemp <= -2:
                level = level -1
                markTemp=currentTemp
            if currentTemp-markTemp >= 2:
                level = level +1
                markTemp=currentTemp
        level = motor(level)


def destroy():
    GPIO.output(MotorEnable, GPIO.LOW)
    p_M1.stop()
    p_M2.stop()
    GPIO.cleanup()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    setup()
    try:
        main()
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        destroy()

Code Explanation

def temperature():
    analogVal = ADC0834.getResult()
    Vr = 5 * float(analogVal) / 255
    Rt = 10000 * Vr / (5 - Vr)
    temp = 1/(((math.log(Rt / 10000)) / 3950) + (1 / (273.15+25)))
    Cel = temp - 273.15
    Fah = Cel * 1.8 + 32
    return Cel

temperture() works by converting thermistor values read by ADC0834 into temperature values. Refer to 2.2.2 Thermistor for more details.

def motor(level):
    if level == 0:
        GPIO.output(MotorEnable, GPIO.LOW)
        return 0
    if level>=4:
        level = 4
    GPIO.output(MotorEnable, GPIO.HIGH)
    p_M1.ChangeDutyCycle(level*25)
    return level

This function controls the rotating speed of the motor. The range of the Lever: 0-4 (level 0 stops the working motor). One level adjustment stands for a 25% change of the wind speed.

def main():
    lastState=0
    level=0
    markTemp = temperature()
    while True:
        currentState =GPIO.input(BtnPin)
        currentTemp=temperature()
        if currentState == 1 and lastState == 0:
            level=(level+1)%5
            markTemp = currentTemp
            time.sleep(0.5)
        lastState=currentState
        if level!=0:
            if currentTemp-markTemp <= -2:
                level = level -1
                markTemp=currentTemp
            if currentTemp-markTemp >= 2:
                level = level +1
                markTemp=currentTemp
        level = motor(level)

The function main() contains the whole program process as shown:

  1. Constantly read the button state and the current temperature.

  2. Every press makes level+1 and at the same time, the temperature is updated. The Level ranges 1~4.

  3. As the fan works ( the level is not 0), the temperature is under detection. A 2℃+ change causes the up and down of the level.

  4. The motor changes the rotating speed with the Level.

Phenomenon Picture

_images/image246.png