2.10 Read Temperature and Humidity¶
Previous projects have been using stage mode, but some functions are only available in upload mode, such as serial communication function. In this project, we will print the temperature and humidity of the DHT11 using the Serial Monitor in Upload Mode.
You Will Learn¶
Get the temperature and humidity from the DHT11 module
Serial Monitor for Upload Mode
Build the Circuit¶
The digital temperature and humidity sensor DHT11 is a composite sensor that contains a calibrated digital signal output of temperature and humidity.
Now build the circuit according to the following diagram.
1. Adding Extensions
Switch to Upload mode, click the Add Extension button in the bottom left corner, then select Communication to add it, and it will appear at the end of the palette area.
2. Initializing the Arduino Mega and Serial Monitor
In Upload mode, start Arduino Mega and then set the serial port baud rate.
[when Arduino Starts up]: In Upload mode, start Arduino Mega.
[set serial baud rate to]: From the Communications palette, used to set the baud rate of serial port 0, default is 115200. If you are using Mega2560, then you can choose to set baud rate in serial port 0~3.
3. Read temperature and humidity
Create 2 variables tem and humi to store the temperature and humidity respectively, the code will appear on the right side while you drag and drop the block.
4. Print them on the Serial Monitor
Write the read temperature and humidity to the Serial Monitor. To avoid transferring too fast and causing PictoBlox to jam, use the [wait seconds] block, to add some time interval for the next print.
5. Uploading code
Unlike the Stage mode, the code in Upload mode needs to be uploaded to the Arduino board using the Upload Code button to see the effect. This also allows you to unplug the USB cable and still have the program running.
6. Turn on the serial monitor
Now open the Serial Monitor to see the temperature and humidity.