Lesson 21 Simple Creation-Answer Machine

Introduction

In quiz shows, especially entertainment activities (e.g. competitive answering activities), organizers often apply a buzzer system in order to accurately, fairly and visually determine the seat number of a responder.

Now the system can illustrate the accuracy and equity of the judgment by data, which improves the entertainment. At the same time, it is more fair and just. In this lesson, we will use some buttons, buzzers, and LEDs to make a quiz buzzer system.

Schematic Diagram

Button 1, 2 and 3 are answer buttons, and button 4 is the reset button. If button 1 is pressed first, the buzzer will beep, the corresponding LED will light up and all the other LEDs will go out. If you want to start another round, press button 4 to reset.

The schematic diagram:

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Experimental Procedures

Step 1:Build the circuit

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Step 2: Open the code file.

Step 3: Select the Board and Port.

Step 4: Upload the sketch to the board.

Now, first press button 4 to start. If you press button 1 first, you will see the corresponding LED light up and the buzzer will beep. Then press button 4 again to reset before you press other buttons.

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Code

Code Analysis

The code for this experiment may be a bit long. But the syntax is simple. Let’s see.
Workflow: Read the state of button 4, if button 4 is pressed, the LED on pin 10 is illuminated while reading the state of the remaining buttons. If one of the buttons is detected to be pressed, the buzzer beeps and lights the corresponding LED until button 4 is pressed again.

loop() function

b4State = digitalRead(button4);

// when button4 pressed

if(b4State == 0)

{

  if(b4State == 0)
  /*confirm that the button4 is pressed.
  One pin of the button is connected to pin 9, the other pin is connected to GND,
  and when the button is pressed, pin 9 is pulled low.
  */

  {

    flag = 1; // if so,flag is 1

    digitalWrite(LED4, HIGH); // turn the host LED on

    delay(200);

  }

}

if(1 == flag)

{

  // read the state of the state of buttons

  b1State = digitalRead(button1);

  b2State = digitalRead(button2);

  b3State = digitalRead(button3);

  // If the button1 press the first

  if(b1State == 0)

  {

    flag = 0;

    digitalWrite(LED4, LOW);

    Alarm(); // buzzer sound

    digitalWrite(LED1,HIGH); // turn the LED1 on only

    digitalWrite(LED2,LOW);

    digitalWrite(LED3,LOW);

    while(digitalRead(button4)); // detect the button4,if pressed,out of the while loop

  }

}

Alarm() function

void Alarm()

{

  for(int i=0;i<100;i++){

    digitalWrite(buzzerPin,HIGH); // the buzzer sound

    delay(2);

    digitalWrite(buzzerPin,LOW); // without sound

    delay(2); // when delay time changed,the frequency changed

  }

}

The alarm() function is to set the buzzer to beep.