Note

Hello, welcome to the SunFounder Raspberry Pi & Arduino & ESP32 Enthusiasts Community on Facebook! Dive deeper into Raspberry Pi, Arduino, and ESP32 with fellow enthusiasts.

Why Join?

• Expert Support: Solve post-sale issues and technical challenges with help from our community and team.

• Learn & Share: Exchange tips and tutorials to enhance your skills.

• Exclusive Previews: Get early access to new product announcements and sneak peeks.

• Special Discounts: Enjoy exclusive discounts on our newest products.

• Festive Promotions and Giveaways: Take part in giveaways and holiday promotions.

ðŸ‘‰ Ready to explore and create with us? Click [here] and join today!

# 2.1.2 Slide SwitchÂ¶

## IntroductionÂ¶

In this lesson, we will learn how to use a slide switch. Usually,the slide switch is soldered on PCB as a power switch, but here we need to insert it into the breadboard, thus it may not be tightened. And we use it on the breadboard to show its function.

## PrincipleÂ¶

Slide Switch

A slide switch, just as its name implies, is to slide the switch bar to connect or break the circuit, and further switch circuits. The common-used types are SPDT, SPTT, DPDT, DPTT etc. The slide switch is commonly used in low-voltage circuit. It has the features of flexibility and stability, and applies in electric instruments and electric toys widely.

How it works: Set the middle pin as the fixed one. When you pull the slide to the left, the two pins on the left are connected; when you pull it to the right, the two pins on the right are connected. Thus, it works as a switch connecting or disconnecting circuits. See the figure below:

The circuit symbol of the slide switch is shown as below. The pin2 in the figure refers to the middle pin.

Capacitor

The capacitor is a component that has the capacity to store energy in the form of electrical charge or to produce a potential difference (Static Voltage) between its plates, much like a small rechargeable battery.

Standard Units of Capacitance

Microfarad (Î¼F) 1Î¼F = 1/1,000,000 = 0.000001 = $$10^{- 6}$$ F

Nanofarad (nF) 1nF = 1/1,000,000,000 = 0.000000001 = $$10^{- 9}$$F

Picofarad (pF) 1pF = 1/1,000,000,000,000 = 0.000000000001 = $$10^{- 12}$$F

Note

Here we use 104 capacitor(10 x 104PF). Just like the ring of resistors, the numbers on the capacitors help to read the values once assembled onto the board. The first two digits represent the value and the last digit of the number means the multiplier. Thus 104 represents a power of 10 x 10 to 4 (in pF) equal to 100 nF.

## Schematic DiagramÂ¶

Connect the middle pin of the Slide Switch to GPIO17, and two LEDs to pin GPIO22 and GPIO27 respectively. Then when you pull the slide, you can see the two LEDs light up alternately.

## Experimental ProceduresÂ¶

Step 1: Build the circuit.

### For C Language UsersÂ¶

Step 2: Go to the folder of the code.

cd ~/davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/c/2.1.2


Step 3: Compile.

gcc 2.1.2_Slider.c -lwiringPi


Step 4: Run the executable file above.

sudo ./a.out


While the code is running, get the switch connected to the left, then the yellow LED lights up; to the right, the red light turns on.

Note

If it does not work after running, or there is an error prompt: "wiringPi.h: No such file or directory", please refer to C code is not working?.

Code

#include <wiringPi.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#define slidePin        0
#define led1            3
#define led2            2

int main(void)
{
// When initialize wiring failed, print message to screen
if(wiringPiSetup() == -1){
printf("setup wiringPi failed !");
return 1;
}
pinMode(slidePin, INPUT);
pinMode(led1, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led2, OUTPUT);
while(1){
// slide switch high, led1 on
digitalWrite(led1, LOW);
digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
printf("LED1 on\n");
delay(100);
}
// slide switch low, led2 on
digitalWrite(led2, LOW);
digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
printf(".....LED2 on\n");
delay(100);
}
}
return 0;
}


Code Explanation

if(digitalRead(slidePin) == 1){
digitalWrite(led1, LOW);
digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
printf("LED1 on\n");
}


When the slide is pulled to the right, the middle pin and right one are connected; the Raspberry Pi reads a high level at the middle pin, so the LED1 is on and LED2 off

if(digitalRead(slidePin) == 0){
digitalWrite(led2, LOW);
digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
printf(".....LED2 on\n");
}


When the slide is pulled to the left, the middle pin and left one are connected; the Raspberry Pi reads a low, so the LED2 is on and LED1 off

### For Python Language UsersÂ¶

Step 2: Get into the folder of the code.

cd ~/davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/python


Step 3: Run.

sudo python3 2.1.2_Slider.py


While the code is running, get the switch connected to the left, then the yellow LED lights up; to the right, the red light turns on.

Code

Note

You can Modify/Reset/Copy/Run/Stop the code below. But before that, you need to go to source code path like davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/python.

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time

# Set #17 as slide switch pin, #22 as led1 pin, #27 as led2 pin
slidePin = 17
led1Pin = 22
led2Pin = 27

# Define a setup function for some setup
def setup():
# Set the GPIO modes to BCM Numbering
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
# Set slidePin input
# Set ledPin output,
# and initial level to High(3.3v)
GPIO.setup(slidePin, GPIO.IN)
GPIO.setup(led1Pin, GPIO.OUT, initial=GPIO.HIGH)
GPIO.setup(led2Pin, GPIO.OUT, initial=GPIO.HIGH)

# Define a main function for main process
def main():
while True:
# slide switch high, led1 on
if GPIO.input(slidePin) == 1:
print ('LED1 ON')
GPIO.output(led1Pin, GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.output(led2Pin, GPIO.HIGH)

# slide switch low, led2 on
if GPIO.input(slidePin) == 0:
print ('    LED2 ON')
GPIO.output(led2Pin, GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.output(led1Pin, GPIO.HIGH)

time.sleep(0.5)
# Define a destroy function for clean up everything after
# the script finished
def destroy():
# Turn off LED
GPIO.output(led1Pin, GPIO.HIGH)
GPIO.output(led2Pin, GPIO.HIGH)
# Release resource
GPIO.cleanup()

# If run this script directly, do:
if __name__ == '__main__':
setup()
try:
main()
# When 'Ctrl+C' is pressed, the program
# destroy() will be  executed.
except KeyboardInterrupt:
destroy()


Code Explanation

if GPIO.input(slidePin) == 1:
GPIO.output(led1Pin, GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.output(led2Pin, GPIO.HIGH)


When the slide is pulled to the right, the middle pin and right one are connected; the Raspberry Pi reads a high level at the middle pin, so the LED1 is on and LED2 off.

if GPIO.input(slidePin) == 0:
GPIO.output(led2Pin, GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.output(led1Pin, GPIO.HIGH)


When the slide is pulled to the left, the middle pin and left one are connected; the Raspberry Pi reads a low, so the LED2 is on and LED1 off.