Metronome

Here we will make a metronome, the metronome is divided into 5 levels, the higher the level, the more urgent the buzzer call.

../_images/metronome.png

Required Components

In this project, we need the following components.

It’s definitely convenient to buy a whole kit, here’s the link:

Name

ITEMS IN THIS KIT

LINK

Raphael Kit

337

Raphael Kit

You can also buy them separately from the links below.

COMPONENT INTRODUCTION

PURCHASE LINK

GPIO Extension Board

BUY

Breadboard

BUY

Jumper Wires

BUY

Buzzer

BUY

Transistor

BUY

Wiring

../_images/image1061.png

Note

An active buzzer is used here, and it has a white sticker on it.

Sketch

import processing.io.*;

int level = 0;
int buzzerPin = 17;
int levelRange=5;
Slider mySlider;

void setup() {
    size(400, 200);
    frameRate(50);
    mySlider = new Slider(width * 0.2,height * 0.4,width * 0.8,height * 0.6,0,levelRange,level);
    GPIO.pinMode(buzzerPin, GPIO.OUTPUT);
}

void draw() {

    background(255);
    mySlider.show();
    if(level==0){
        GPIO.digitalWrite(buzzerPin, GPIO.HIGH);
    }else if((frameCount/5) % (levelRange-level+1) ==0){
        GPIO.digitalWrite(buzzerPin, GPIO.LOW);
    }else{
        GPIO.digitalWrite(buzzerPin, GPIO.HIGH);
    }
}

void mouseDragged(){
    level = mySlider.dragPoint(mouseX,mouseY);
}

class Slider{
    float slotPointAX;
    float slotPointBX;
    float slotPointAY;
    float slotPointBY;
    float linePoint;
    float depth;
    int maxRange;
    int minRange;
    int value;

    Slider(float ax, float ay, float bx, float by, int min, int max, int v){
        slotPointAX = ax;
        slotPointAY = ay;
        slotPointBX = bx;
        slotPointBY = by;
        maxRange = max;
        minRange = min;
        value = v;
        linePoint = slotPointAX;// + map(value, minRange, maxRange, slotPointAX, slotPointBX);
        depth = (slotPointBY - slotPointAY)*0.75;
    }

    void show(){
        rectMode(CORNERS);
        fill(200);
        stroke(255,0,0);
        rect(slotPointAX, slotPointAY, slotPointBX, slotPointBY);
        fill(255,0,0);
        rect(slotPointAX, slotPointAY, linePoint, slotPointBY);
        fill(200);
        textSize(depth);
        text(minRange, slotPointAX, slotPointBY+depth);
        text(maxRange, slotPointBX, slotPointBY+depth);
        text(value, linePoint, slotPointAY);
    }

    int dragPoint(float mx, float my){
        if(mx>=slotPointAX && mx<=slotPointBX && my>=slotPointAY && my<=slotPointBY){
            value = int(map(mx,slotPointAX,slotPointBX,minRange,maxRange));
            linePoint = map(value,minRange,maxRange,slotPointAX,slotPointBX);
        }
        return value;
    }
}

How it works?

Here, we created a Slider class and made it act as WIDGET.

Slider(ax, ay, bx, by, min, max, v)

In the declaration, it needs to be passed in 7 parameters.

The first four parameters determine the size of the widget, followed by the coordinates (x1, y1) of the starting point in the upper left corner and (x2, y2) in the lower right corner.

The last three parameters determine its numerical range (min to max) and initial value.

It has two methods, the effect of dragPoint() is to make the slider draggable and return the slider’s current position value.

int dragPoint(float mx, float my){
    if(mx>=slotPointAX && mx<=slotPointBX && my>=slotPointAY && my<=slotPointBY){
        value = int(map(mx,slotPointAX,slotPointBX,minRange,maxRange));
        linePoint = map(value,minRange,maxRange,slotPointAX,slotPointBX);
    }
    return value;
}

Another method show() is to show the Slider. At the same time, the range value and current value are displayed in the corresponding position.

void show(){
    rectMode(CORNERS);
    fill(200);
    stroke(255,0,0);
    rect(slotPointAX, slotPointAY, slotPointBX, slotPointBY);
    fill(255,0,0);
    rect(slotPointAX, slotPointAY, linePoint, slotPointBY);
    fill(200);
    textSize(depth);
    text(minRange, slotPointAX, slotPointBY+depth);
    text(maxRange, slotPointBX, slotPointBY+depth);
    text(value, linePoint, slotPointAY);
}