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2.2.2 ThermistorĀ¶

IntroductionĀ¶

Just like photoresistor can sense light, thermistor is a temperature sensitive electronic device that can be used for realizing functions of temperature control, such as making a heat alarm.

Required ComponentsĀ¶

In this project, we need the following components.

../_images/list_2.2.2_thermistor.png

Itā€™s definitely convenient to buy a whole kit, hereā€™s the link:

Name

ITEMS IN THIS KIT

LINK

Raphael Kit

337

Raphael Kit

You can also buy them separately from the links below.

COMPONENT INTRODUCTION

PURCHASE LINK

GPIO Extension Board

BUY

Breadboard

BUY

Jumper Wires

BUY

Resistor

BUY

Thermistor

BUY

ADC0834

-

Schematic DiagramĀ¶

../_images/image323.png ../_images/image324.png

Experimental ProceduresĀ¶

Step 1: Build the circuit.

../_images/image202.png

Step 2: Go to the folder of the code.

cd ~/raphael-kit/nodejs/

Step 3: Run the code.

sudo node thermistor.js

With the code run, the thermistor detects ambientĀ temperatureĀ which will be printed on the screen once it finishes the program calculation.

Code

const Gpio = require('pigpio').Gpio;
const ADC0834 = require('./adc0834.js').ADC0834;

exports.ADC0834 = ADC0834;

const adc = new ADC0834(17, 18, 27);

setInterval(() => {
  adc.read(0).then((value) => {
    var Vr = 5 * value / 255;
    var Rt = 10000 * Vr / (5 - Vr);
    var temp = 1 / ((Math.log(Rt/10000) / 3950)+(1 / (273.15 + 25)));
    var cel = (temp - 273.15).toFixed(2);
    var Fah = (cel * 1.8 + 32).toFixed(2);
    console.log(`Celsius: ${cel} C  Fahrenheit: ${Fah} F\n`);
  }, (error)=>{
    console.log("Error: " + error);
  });
}, 1000);

Code Explanation

setInterval(() => {
  adc.read(0).then((value) => {
    var Vr = 5 * value / 255;
    var Rt = 10000 * Vr / (5 - Vr);
    var temp = 1 / ((Math.log(Rt/10000) / 3950)+(1 / (273.15 + 25)));
    var cel = (temp - 273.15).toFixed(2);
    var Fah = (cel * 1.8 + 32).toFixed(2);
    console.log(`Celsius: ${cel} C  Fahrenheit: ${Fah} F\n`);
  }, (error)=>{
    console.log("Error: " + error);
  });
}, 1000);

We can read the value of the thermistor through the statement adc.read(0).then((value) => {...})

var Vr = 5 * value / 255;
var Rt = 10000 * Vr / (5 - Vr);
var temp = 1 / ((Math.log(Rt/10000) / 3950)+(1 / (273.15 + 25)));
var cel = (temp - 273.15).toFixed(2);
var Fah = (cel * 1.8 + 32).toFixed(2);
console.log(`Celsius: ${cel} C  Fahrenheit: ${Fah} F\n`);

These operations convert the thermistor value to a Celsius temperature value.

var Vr = 5 * value / 255;
var Rt = 10000 * Vr / (5 - Vr);

These two lines of code are used to calculate the voltage distribution from the read values, resulting in Rt (resistance of the thermistor).

var temp = 1 / ((Math.log(Rt/10000) / 3950)+(1 / (273.15 + 25)));

This code refers to substituting Rt into the formula TK=1/(ln(RT/RN)/B+1/TN) to get the temperature in Kelvin.

var cel = (temp - 273.15).toFixed(2);

This paragraph is to convert the Kelvin temperature to Celsius with two decimal places.

var Fah = (cel * 1.8 + 32).toFixed(2);

This paragraph converts Celsius to Fahrenheit with two decimal places.

console.log(`Celsius: ${cel} C  Fahrenheit: ${Fah} F\n`);

Print Celsius, Fahrenheit and their units on the terminal.

Phenomenon PictureĀ¶

../_images/image203.jpeg