2.11 Rotating Fan¶
In this project, we will make a spinning star sprite and fan.
Clicking on the left and right arrow sprites on the stage will control the clockwise and counterclockwise rotation of the motor and star sprite, click on the star sprite to stop the rotation.
You Will Learn¶
Motor working principle
Stop other script in sprite block
In this project, we need the following components.
It’s definitely convenient to buy a whole kit, here’s the link:
ITEMS IN THIS KIT
3 in 1 Starter Kit
You can also buy them separately from the links below.
Build the Circuit¶
The effect we want to achieve is to use 2 arrow sprites to control the clockwise and counterclockwise rotation of the motor and the star sprite respectively, clicking on the star sprite will stop the motor from rotating.
1. Add sprites
Delete the default sprite, then select the Star sprite and the Arrow1 sprite, and copy Arrow1 once.
In the Costumes option, change the Arrow1 sprite to a different direction costume.
Adjust the size and position of the sprite appropriately.
2. Left arrow sprite
When this sprite is clicked, it broadcasts a message - turn, then sets digital pin 9 to low and pin 10 to high, and sets the variable flag to 1. If you click the left arrow sprite, you will find that the motor turns counterclockwise, if your turn is clockwise, then you swap the positions of pin 9 and pin 10.
There are 2 points to note here.
[broadcast]: from the Events palette, used to broadcast a message to the other sprites, when the other sprites receive this message, it will perform a specific event. For example, here is turn, when the star sprite receives this message, it executes the rotation script.
variable flag: The direction of rotation of the star sprite is determined by the value of flag. So when you create the flag variable, you need to make it apply to all sprites.
3. right-arrow sprite
When this sprite is clicked, broadcast a message turn, then set digital pin 9 high and pin 10 low to make the motor turn clockwise and set the flag variable to 0.
4. star sprite
There are 2 events included here.
When the star sprite receives the broadcasted message turn, it determines the value of flag; if flag is 1, it turns 10 degrees to the left, otherwise it reverses. Since it is in [FOREVER], it will keep turning.
When this sprite is clicked, set both pins of the motor to high to make it stop rotating and stop the other scripts in this sprite.